Doyle, Arthur Conan
Creator of the iconic Sherlock Holmes. The first story - 'A Study in Scarlet' was written in three weeks when Doyle was 27. Doyle wrote nearly fifty books many not about Sherlock. He was firm believer in spiritualism and wrote extensively on it. Sherlock became something of an albatross around Doyle's neck and he famously killed him off by sending him over the Reichenbach falls with his nemesis Professor Moriaty. But Sherlock would not die and Doyle was prevailed upon to bring him back. He has been with us ever since. He is very much a creature of his time. The train journeys, the London fogs, the deerstalker hat and the Meerschaum pipe are all very late Victorian not to mention Sherlock's Opium habit. Both Basil Rathbone and Jeremy Brett have made the role their own, and more recently Benedict Cumberbatch has renewed the interest in the stories all over again in an artfully up to date version.